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Top 7 Guidelines for Writing Scope of Study in Research Proposal


Before starting to write any academic writing, you define its scope. The scope of study reveals the extent to which you are going to explore your chosen topic. The scope also specifies the parameters in which you are going to play and answer the research questions. In simple words, the scope tells the reader what the study is about. However, there are many student researchers who do not know about the meaning of the scope of study and writing guidelines for writing it. Keeping this in mind, in today’s article, we will discuss the top 7 guidelines for writing the scope of your research study. So, let’s get started.

Top 7 guidelines for crafting the scope of the study

As a researcher, you must be extra careful when defining the scope of study. The reason is that if you broaden the scope too much, you might not be able to do justice to your research study. A too-broad research scope requires a lot of word count to cover the topic fully. In this scenario, to craft a perfect scope of study, you must know some guidelines. Hence, a brief description of the top 7 guidelines is as follows:

1. Identify the needs of the research study

First of all, you need to identify the needs of the research study. The identification of the needs serves as the benchmark and helps you decide on other aspects of the research. To identify the research needs, ask yourself “what” and “why” questions. For example, “what is this research study?” “Why should I conduct it?” Answering these questions will surely help you determine the requirements of the research investigation that you are going to carry out.

2. Follow the SMART framework

The scope of study is basically the goal of your research investigation that you intend to achieve. Hence, it is mandatory that your scope is aligned with the SMART framework. The explanation of the SMART is as follows:

  • Specific. This means that the scope must be specific to the research topic. You must not get off track when defining the scope.
  • Measurable. The research study’s scope must be dynamic and measurable. It should not be something that cannot be quantified.
  • Achievable. The research scope must be achievable and realistic.
  • Relevant. The scope of your research study must be relevant to the chosen research topic.
  • Time-based. The scope must also be time-bound.

3. Start with the general purpose

When you start crafting the scope of study, start with the general purpose. It means you must begin by explaining the main aim of your research. To get an idea of the purpose, ask yourself, “why am I doing this research?” What is it that I want to achieve through this study? When you answer these questions, everything becomes clear to you.

4. Discuss the research population

When writing the scope of the research investigation, do not forget to discuss the research population. The research participants or population have an important role to play in the scope of study. Furthermore, as the researcher, you must elaborate on your plans for participant selection. All these things fall under the scope, and you must discuss them. When you are discussing the population, make sure to include the population profiles, too.

5. The duration of the study

The duration of the study is of utmost importance when writing the scope. The reason is that if you cannot achieve the scope is a set time limit, it means the scope of your study is too broad. Therefore, you should clearly mention in the scope how much time the study will take to complete. It is important because you have some deadlines to meet. However, if you cannot calculate the duration of your study, ask for assistance from any research proposal help online.

6. Discuss the theories

The scope of study also includes a discussion on the topics and theories that you will cover in your investigation. In your scope, discuss the existing theories briefly that are relevant to your chosen topic. Once done, also briefly state the theories you have chosen to form the basis of your research study and the topic you are going to cover.

7. The geographical location covered

Lastly, the geographical location of the research study also plays an important role in the scope of the research study. The location of the study must be easily accessible because if you choose a distant location, then it will be difficult to finish the study on time. Hence, talk about the geographical location of the study in the scope.


To sum up, the scope of study explains the extent to which you are going to explore a research topic. When you are writing the scope, make sure that it is neither too broad nor too narrow. Also, ensure that you include all the things mentioned above.

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Oliver James is a UK-based professional blogger, content writer, and content marketer who writes about travel and tourism, finance, real estate, and other topics on his blog. Passionate about writing, traveling, and getting the best deal on everything he buys, Oliver also writes for customers and helps them publicize their products, and services in the US and UK markets. He is a traveler who has visited over 35 countries and loves his job because it gives him the opportunity to find stories, experiences, and places which he can share with his readers. Oliver James is a professional blogger, content marketer, traveler, and electronics enthusiast. He started blogging in 2016 and has become a contributing writer for several blogs, including Android Authority and Elecpros. Oliver has also published his own informational books with Kindle Direct Publishing on subjects like Flappy Bird and Google Cardboard.